Tuesday, May 21, 2019

Definitions of Demarketing And An Example, With The 9P’s Of Marketing

Demarketing can be explained as the efforts made by a company to reduce consumption of a product. But wait there's more. 

 I saw an ad in the Wall Street Journal for JUUL which includes:
 “For Adult Smokers Only,” with a plea or statement to raise the legal age to purchase tobacco products , including vapes to 21, or approximately three years after a student’s high school graduation.

The ad got me thinking:

Is it demarketing?

Here are a few definitions for demarketing?

In my teaching of marketing and advertising “demarketing” is the effort, efforts and activities made by a company to reduce consumption of a product. 
But other definitions talk about short supply or shortages, which isn’t the discussion with JUUL.  

Demarketing is the use of advertising (one of the eight activities or components falling under “Promotion”) to decrease demand for a product that is in short supply.

Demarketing is also advertising that urges the public (if it’s JUUL they are talking to several segments) to limit the consumption of a product, as at a time of shortage.
The efforts or activities aimed at discouraging (not destroying) the demand for a product which a firm or company cannot supply in large-enough quantities. Or does not want to supply in a certain region (That would fall under “Place,” in my 9P’s of Marketing) where the high costs of distribution or promotion allow only a too little profit margin.

Need more about products? Do you need examples of strengthening your pillars of your brand or branding strategies?  Do you need a better understanding of all areas of Marketing? 

Do you have the responsibility and the need to increase sales and overall revenue?  

I consult, teach and work as a Marketing, Business and Advertising expert using many Marketing concepts, standards of practice and practices, including the Nine P's/9P's of Marketing in court.

As a brand manager, entrepreneur, business owner or advertising agency professional, do you need more business, Marketing and advertising insights? 


Visit here for plenty of insights into Marketing. The 9P's is a framework; it includes targeting or "People," planning, product and services, promotion, pricing, partnership strategies, "Place," Passion and Presentation. Plus true, researched marketing insights and fun, insightful, advertising trivia.

For the past 48 years, I have been a Marketing professional, a certified, credentialed Forensic Litigation consultant (CFLC), a Marketing and Advertising consultant with Londre Marketing Consultants, LLC plus I teach and give seminars on Strategic Marketing, the nine P's of Marketing, Branding, Super Bowl spots, Global Marketing, Promotion and Advertising. 


I also present to MBA candidates, law schools and attorneys my  "What is Marketing? What is Advertising?" lecture and talk.  I have plenty of examples. I have been to UCLA School of Law and at Pepperdine University this semester. 

Twelve years ago, I created and own the marketing objectives, strategies and tactics practice of the 9P's of Marketing. T
he Nine P’s/9 P's of Marketing ©2007 augments the Marketing Mix or the 4P's (Product, Price, Promotion and Place) by the American Marketing Association, Neil Borden and Jerome McCarthy in the study and practices of a copyrighted Marketing concept. I've added "People," "Passion," "Planning" and "Partners" and "Presentation." 

In the late 60's I was first taught in Marketing 307 at USC that the "customer," or potential purchasers, buyers are king or kings, but potential consumers are missing as one of the P's. With the addition of "People," I expanded and developed the additional concepts under the nine P's. 


For marketing professionals, targeting or the "target market," "People," buyers, potential buyers and users are more prominent in my marketing model or theory. These potential buyers have their own "P."  It's "People," in the 9P's of Marketing. 

The utilization of the 9P's of Marketing help, develop and guide a company or a firm's marketing objectives, strategies, tactics and solutions. The Nine P's can be truly insightful, in many ways and in many possible tactics and actions. They will help build revenue, manage costs, more effectively. 

So, 
you and others may ask "What is Marketing?" 

Marketing is a planning and execution process that involves a product or service's attributes, research, distribution, pricing, partnerships or alliances, promotion and more. 

In my presentations and talks, I detail that advertising is only a small percentage of the answers to marketing problems. All of the Marketing activities and tasks must work together to assure successful marketing practices. 
Firms, associations and companies with the most effective marketing efforts try to thoroughly understand their potential buyers and customers ("People") in your marketplace. 

Companies and new product/service development pros create products and services to meet market needs. Solving consumer "problems." These firms and others use marketing research and channels for understanding and communicating to market segments, a target market or audience ("People" in the 9P's of Marketing).

In the study and practice of Marketing, Marketing managers and brand agents develop planning, objectives, strategies and tactics. 


For any size firm and entrepreneurs, the 9P's of Marketing include important components, parts, elements, actions, tactics and efforts.  


Let's start with planning, research, one of the nine P's and also with targeting, "People," one of the other nine elements or components:
  • Planning or Simply Marketing Planning: 
    • Planning starts with research and researching. 
    • This element of planning in the nine P's is a method for achieving an end, and, looking at the eight other parts; your insights can start a detailed formulation of a program of action. I like using a phrase Benjamin Franklin supposedly once said:“If you fail to plan, you are planning to fail.”
    • Look at developing and transforming marketing objectives into marketing strategies to tactics. Marketing management and managers must make basic decisions on marketing targets (“People”), marketing mix, pricing, distribution, marketing budgets/expenditures and marketing allocations. 
    • Review dividing the total marketing budget among the various tools in the marketing mix and for the various products, channels, promotion, media and sales areas. And there's more under the other 9Ps of Marketing
  • People 
    • "People" or targeting has almost always been left out of the traditional "Marketing Mix," almost every diagram includes the four P's with Product, Promotion, Place and Price.
    • Place "consumer" or "People" or "potential buyers" in the middle of a circle. Find information or data on them. Add the other components in the nine P's. In Marketing, from my education, training, research and analysis plus testimony, there needs to be greater focus on the buyer, "customer," or "People," in both planning ad implementation.
    • Look and analyze your potential, new, existing and repeat customers and users. 
    • To understand your "People" or your market segments, you may need to utilize many characteristics, including:
      • Demographics (such as age, family size, family life cycle, gender, income, occupation, education, religion, race, culture, generation, nationality, and social class).
      • Geographics
      • Psychographics (buyers are on basis of psychological/personality traits, lifecycle, values)
      • Behavioral characteristics (needs and benefits, decision roles, user and usage-related variables, occasions, user status, usage rate buyer-readiness stage, loyalty status, attitude and multiple bases) and
      • Technographics (potential buyers may or may not have the software and computer skills. 
      • Think employees here too.) which may be a vital component or components of the 9P's of Marketing. 
    • Once a target market is chosen, the organization can develop its marketing strategies to target a market segment or marketing segments.
    • Simply it's about Segmentation and Targeting. Add Positioning and you have STP, as a major first or second step, which may need for your firm to do more research and planning. . 
    • Product and Services: 
      • It's a product (service) is anything that can be offered to a market for attention, acquisition, use or consumption that might satisfy a want or need.
      • It's the goods and service combination the firm offers to the target market, including variety of product mix, features, branding, designs, packaging, sizes, services, maintenance contracts, warranties and return policies.
    • Place (Distribution): 
      • Consider, develop and review store and non-store options, e-commerce and “brick and mortar” factors, geographic considerations, objectives, strategies and tactics, including with your “Partners, too.” 
      • It's your offering of the right product at the right PLACE or location, at the right time, at the right price. It's the company’s activities that make the product available, using distribution and trade channels, roles, coverage, assortments, locations, inventory and transportation characteristics and alternatives.  
    • Price or Pricing:
      • Simply it's the amount of money a consumer is willing to pay to obtain the product.  But "price" is so much more. “Pricing” is the sum of the values that customers exchange for the benefits of having or using the product or service. 
      • Pricing decision making involves adjusting prices concerning the competitive environment, economic situations and involve buyer perceptions. Simply, all aspects regarding pricing
      • Pricing or "Price" also includes wholesale/retail/promotional prices, discounts, trade-in allowances, quantity discounts, credit terms, sales and payment periods and credit terms. 
    • Promotion: 
      • I teach and consult that there are eight (8) major, strategic components or communication elements which are personal and non-personal communication activities, under "promotion." . 
      • The activities that communicate the merits of the overall product include:
        • Personal Selling/ Sales Force: Sales persons. Your sales force. 
          • Helpful consulting tip or hint: Listen more than you talk. People who listen more, learn more, plus helps you position your service/product/solution or offering. 
        • Advertising is paid media. There's an expression "It is only creative if the product or service sells." I wanted to add "It is only good media spending if it sells." 
        • Sales Promotion
        • Collateral Materials
        • Direct Marketing (also referred to as Action or Direct Response Advertising)
        • Interactive/Internet/Web, Digital Media, Social Media:  
        • Events and Experiences
        • Public Relations/PR
      • What some strategic questions under Promotion? 
        • What should your company promote? Strategic copy points, for your product or service.
        • Evaluate the eight different elements under Promotion and your brand's practices. Ask is there a better way? A different promotional mix. There has to be a better way. 
        • What are your costs in dollars and manpower or person power? Ask "Is there a different way or ways to budget, your promotional dollars?" 
        • Look at different strategic partners? Their costs?
        • To whom should you target and promote? Under "People/"Targeting, target market, audience with media falls here. Have you noticed that you may watch what you want to watch in TV programming when you want to watch it and anywhere, any screen? That affects media planning. 
        • You can differentiate with price. Discounting? Special sales? What economic and discount levels should you offer? Look at revenue versus costs. 
        • What form or combination of promotion should you offer? Features?
        • How frequent? Add media planning concern.  
      • Partners: 
        • Working with others and organizations which take part in an undertaking with another or others, in a business or company with shared risks and profits. Also referred to as Alliances. 
        • With "Partners" and your Marketing efforts, it is vitally important to partner and align with firms that have similar corporate philosophies. Simple but complex and difficult, have agreed upon objectives and strategies.
      • Presentation: 
        • This “P” or “Presentation” is the act of displaying, using, presenting, and putting forward any of your efforts utilizing the other 9P’s© and/or components to your customers, suppliers, wholesalers, retailers, sales force, marketing intermediaries, clients, employees, partners, and/or others.
        • Be sure to look for real” product and service experiences. 
        • This "P" helps you enabe consumers and “allowing” them to feel the brand. As part of "presentation," I also place “events and experiences” under Promotion. 
        • While traditional marketing is based on target audience impressions/ views/ clicks/ exposure, experimental marketing involves engaging with your potential consumers. 
      • Passion:
        • This "P" are those intense, driving or overmastering feelings, emotions in the planning, developing, implementing and executions of pricing, promoting, partnering, selling and overall marketing of products or services.

        For more on insights, ideas, concepts and Marketing solutions: Go to londremarketing.com and look under “Articles and Resources” and the 9P’s/Nine P’s ©2007. Specifically you will find them detailed at 9P’s/Nine P’s.
        Or for more fun, marketing strategies/tactics and facts: Go to Marketing Trivia with 40+ stimulating questions and answers at Londre Marketing Consultants, LLC.  

        Monday, May 20, 2019

        “Believe It: Four Ways To Increase Sales Revenue, With "Price," One Of The Nine P's Of Marketing.

        This Londre post is about Pricing, one of the 9P's of Marketing. But remember, be sure to adequately estimate raw materials, labor, and all sources of costs.

        Believe it: there are four ways to increase sales revenue:
        1.  Increase the frequency of transactions per customer (“People").
        2.  Increase the number of your customers.
        3.  Increase average transaction size.
        4.  Raise your prices, but remember you have competition. 
        Price/Pricing, under the 9P's:
        • All aspects regarding pricing. 
        • The amount of money a consumer is willing to pay to obtain the product. 
        • Pricing includes wholesale/retail/promotional prices, discounts, trade-in allowances, quantity discounts, credit terms, sales and payment periods and credit terms. 
        • “Price” decision making also involves adjusting prices concerning the competitive environment, economic situations and involve buyer perceptions.
        • “Pricing” is the sum of the values that customers exchange for the benefits of having or using the product or service.
        • Under “Price,” your firm can lower the price to the point it separate your company from the competition. You can also raise your price to create differentiation or exclusivity.
        • Lower or lowest price has no brand, or may have no brand.  Your firm or company can “live by the price sword or die by the price sword,” in the marketplace.
        • “If you cannot find it within yourself to become emotional, committed, engaged, and, yes, fervent about differentiation, then you had better be prepared to take your place among the vast throng of the mediocre who are judged by their customers solely on the basis of price. It is the singularly worst place to be in all of business.” Scott McKain’s Create Distinction.
        • Deceptive and misleading pricing practices may lead potential buyers and consumers to believe they will get more value and a better price than they will actually receive.
        • Consider, develop and review store and non-store, e-commerce and “brick and mortar” targeting, marketing mix pricing factors, considerations, objectives, strategies and tactics, including “Partners.”
        • Price-conscious retailers and online e-commerce companies and players like Wal-Mart, Target, Amazon and others require its suppliers and partners to justify every cost for each and every item, every year. They do not start with the previous year’s budget. This puts pressure on the contract manufacturer to reduce costs.
        • Consider and review “Value-pricing and “Perceived-pricing.” “Value,” the worth in monetary terms of the technical, economic service and social benefits a customer receives in exchange for the price he or she pays for a market offering. Look at good, better, best pricing and values.
        • The “value” that the customer perceives in relation to the price paid must be greater than alternatives in order for a selected product to be purchased. (Anderson and Narus, Business Market Management, Understanding, Creating, and Delivering Value, 1999)
        • Prices are a key positioning factor and must be decided in relation to the target market, the product and service assortment mix, and the competition. All retailers would like high turns x earns (high volumes and high gross margins), but the two don’t usually go together. Most retailers fall into the high-markup, lower volume group (fine specialty stores) or the low-markup, higher-volume group (mass merchandisers and discount stores). (Kotler and Keller)
        • Retail price simply means the price at which goods or services are sold by a retailer to a consumer. This is the purchase price that you pay whenever you buy a product from a retail store. Retail sales are designed for consumption and not for resale of goods or services rendered.
        •  Pricing strategies include: cost-, profit-, competition-, demand-, value-, customer led-based pricing.
        • The manufacturer's suggested retail price (MSRP), list price or recommended retail price (RRP) of a product is the price which the manufacturer recommends that the retailers sell the product. The intention was to help to standardize prices among locations. While many or some stores always sell at, or below, the suggested retail  price, others do so only when items are on sale or closeout/clearance.
        • Consider and review: target rate of investment; pricing as a “promotional” variable; penetration pricing; stabilization of pricing strategies; target market share; meeting or prevention of competitive actions. In addition to the “monetary” price, customers may also consider non-monetary prices such as time, effort, convenience, or psychological costs.
        For more on insights, ideas, concepts and Marketing solutions: Go to londremarketing.com and look under “Articles and Resources” and the 9P’s/Nine P’s ©2007. Specifically you will find them detailed at 9P’s/Nine P’s.
        Or for more fun, marketing strategies/tactics and facts: Go to Marketing Trivia with 40+ stimulating questions and answers at Londre Marketing Consultants, LLC.  


        Sunday, May 19, 2019

        Facial Recognition Tech: With British Airlines, Part Of Product And Service, Under The 9P's Of Marketing

        Did you know that airlines such as British Airlines are working with the US Customs and Border Protection to make boarding airplanes faster, thereby making the product and flying experiences better.

        British Airways is using facial-recognition technology to streamline and make the boarding process faster. Where traveling internationally from US airports. 

        Need examples of strengthening your pillars of brand or branding strategies?  

        Better understanding of Marketing? 

        Do you have the responsibility and the need to increase sales and overall revenue?  

        I consult, teach and work as a Marketing, business and Advertising expert using many Marketing concepts, standards of practice and practices, including the Nine P's/9P's of Marketing.

        As a brand manager, entrepreneur, business owner or advertising agency professional, do you need more business, Marketing and advertising insights? 


        Visit here for plenty of insights and examples into Marketing, the 9P's, targeting or "People," product and services, promotion, pricing, and partnership strategies. Plus true, researched marketing insights and fun, insightful, advertising trivia.

        For the past 48 years, I have been a Marketing professional, a certified Forensic Marketing Expert, Marketing and Advertising consultant with Londre Marketing Consultants, LLC plus I teach and give seminars on Strategic Marketing, the nine P's of Marketing, Branding, Super Bowl spots, Global Marketing, Promotion and Advertising. 


        I also like giving to MBA candidates, law schools and attorneys my presentations on "What is Marketing? What is Advertising?" I have plenty of examples. I will be using it at UCLA School of Law and at Pepperdine this semester. 

        Twelve years ago, I created and own the marketing objectives, strategies and tactics of the 9P's of Marketing. T
        he Nine P’s/9 P's of Marketing ©2007 augments the Marketing Mix or the 4P's (Product, Price, Promotion and Place) by the American Marketing Association, Neil Borden and Jerome McCarthy in the study and practices of a copyrighted Marketing concept.

        In the late 60's I was first taught in Marketing 307 at USC that the "customer," or potential purchasers, buyers are king or kings, but potential consumers are missing as one of the P's. With the addition of "People," I expanded and developed the concepts of the nine P's. 


        For marketing professionals, the "target market," "People," buyers, potential buyers and users are more prominent in my marketing model or theory. These potential buyers have their own "P."  It's "People," in the 9P's of Marketing. 

        The Nine P's/9P's of Marketing help brand managers, marketing managers, companies, firms, business owners and business managers to find their marketing problems, to identify and create Marketing opportunities or solutions, in your marketplace.


        The utilization of the 9P's of Marketing help, develop and guide a company or a firm's marketing objectives, strategies, tactics and solutions. The Nine P's can be truly insightful, in many ways and in many possible tactics and actions. They will help build revenue, manage costs, more effectively. 

        So, what is Marketing, you and others may ask? 


        Marketing is a planning and execution process that involves a product or service's attributes, research, distribution, pricing, partnerships or alliances, promotion and more. 

        In my presentations, I detail that advertising is only a small percentage of the answers to marketing problems. All of the Marketing activities and tasks must work together to assure successful marketing practices. 
        Firms, associations and companies with the most effective marketing efforts try to thoroughly understand their potential buyers and customers ("People") in your marketplace. 

        Companies and new product/service development pros create products and services to meet market needs. Solving consumer "problems." These firms and others use marketing research and channels for understanding and communicating to market segments, a target market or audience ("People" in the 9P's of Marketing).

        In the study and practice of Marketing, Marketing manager and brand agents develop planning, objectives, strategies and tactics. 


        For any size firm and entrepreneurs, the 9P's of Marketing include important components, parts, elements, actions, tactics and efforts.  
        Let's start with planning, research, one of the nine P's and also with targeting, "People," one of the other nine elements or components:
        • Planning or Simply Marketing Planning: 
          • Planning starts with research and researching. 
          • This element of planning in the nine P's is a method for achieving an end, and, looking at the eight other parts, can be a detailed formulation of a program of action. 
          • I like using a phrase from John Wooden; he said "Failure to plan is planning to fail."
          • Developing and transforming marketing objectives into marketing strategies to tactics, marketing management and managers must make basic decisions on marketing targets (“People”), marketing mix, pricing, distribution, marketing budgets/expenditures and marketing allocations. 
          • Review dividing the total marketing budget among the various tools in the marketing mix and for the various products, channels, promotion, media and sales areas. And more under the 9Ps of Marketing
        • People 
          • Look and analyze your potential, new, existing and repeat customers and users. 
          • "People" or targeting has almost always been left out of the traditional "Marketing Mix," almost every diagram includes the four P's with Product, Promotion, Place and Price.
          • Place "consumer" or "People" or "potential buyers" in the middle of a circle. Find information or data on them. Add the other components in the nine P's. In Marketing, from my education, training, research and analysis plus testimony, there needs to be greater focus on the buyer, "customer," or "People," in both planning ad implementation.
          • To understand your "People" or market segments, it may utilize many characteristics, including demographics (such as age, family size, family life cycle, gender, income, occupation, education, religion, race, culture, generation, nationality, and social class), geographics, psychographics (buyers are on basis of psychological/personality traits, lifecycle, values), behavioral characteristics (needs and benefits, decision roles, user and usage-related variables, occasions, user status, usage rate buyer-readiness stage, loyalty status, attitude and multiple bases) and technographics (potential buyers may or may not have the software and computer skills. Think employees here too.) which may be a vital component or components of the 9P's of Marketing. 
          • Once a target market is chosen, the organization can develop its marketing strategies to target a market segment or marketing segments.
          • Simply it's about Segmentation and Targeting. Add Positioning and you have STP, as a major first step. 
          • Product and Services: 
            • It's a product (service) is anything that can be offered to a market for attention, acquisition, use or consumption that might satisfy a want or need.
            • It's the goods and service combination the firm offers to the target market, including variety of product mix, features, branding, designs, packaging, sizes, services, maintenance contracts, warranties and return policies.
          • Place (Distribution): 
            • Consider, develop and review store and non-store options, e-commerce and “brick and mortar” factors, geographic considerations, objectives, strategies and tactics, including “Partners, too.” 
            • It's your offering of the right product at the right PLACE or location, at the right time, at the right price. It's the company’s activities that make the product available, using distribution and trade channels, roles, coverage, assortments, locations, inventory and transportation characteristics and alternatives.  
          • Price or Pricing:
            • Simply it's the amount of money a consumer is willing to pay to obtain the product.  But "price" is so much more.  
            • “Pricing” is the sum of the values that customers exchange for the benefits of having or using the product or service. 
            • Pricing decision making involves adjusting prices concerning the competitive environment, economic situations and involve buyer perceptions. Simply, all aspects regarding pricing. 
            • Pricing includes wholesale/retail/promotional prices, discounts, trade-in allowances, quantity discounts, credit terms, sales and payment periods and credit terms. 
          • Promotion: 
            • I teach and consult that there are eight (8) major, strategic components or communication elements which are personal and non-personal communication activities, under "promotion." . 
            • The activities that communicate the merits of the overall product include:
              • Personal Selling/ Sales Force: Sales persons. Your sales force. 
                • Helpful consulting tip or hint: Listen more than you talk. People who listen more, learn more, plus helps you position your service/product/solution or offering. 
              • Advertising is paid media. There's an expression "It is only creative if the product or service sells." I wanted to add "It is only good media spending if it sells." 
              • Sales Promotion
              • Collateral Materials
              • Direct Marketing (also referred to as Action or Direct Response Advertising)
              • Interactive/Internet/Web, Digital Media, Social Media:  
              • Events and Experiences
              • Public Relations/PR
            • What some strategic questions under Promotion? 
              • What should your company promote? Strategic copy points, for your product or service.
              • Evaluate the eight different elements under Promotion and your brand's practices. Ask is there a better way? A different promotional mix. There has to be a better way. 
              • What are your costs in dollars and manpower or person power? Ask "Is there a different way or ways to budget, your promotional dollars?" 
              • Look at different strategic partners? Their costs?
              • To whom should you target and promote? Under "People/"Targeting, target market, audience with media falls here. Have you noticed that you may watch what you want to watch in TV programming when you want to watch it and anywhere, any screen? That affects media planning. 
              • You can differentiate with price. Discounting? Special sales? What economic and discount levels should you offer? Look at revenue versus costs. 
              • What form or combination of promotion should you offer? Features?
              • How frequent? Add media planning concern.  
            • Partners: 
              • Working with others and organizations which take part in an undertaking with another or others, in a business or company with shared risks and profits.
              • Also referred to as Alliances. 
              • With "Partners" and your Marketing efforts, it is vitally important to partner and align with firms that have similar corporate philosophies. Simple but complex and difficult, have agreed upon objectives and strategies.
            • Presentation: 
              • This “P” or “Presentation” is the act of presenting, displaying and putting forward any of the different 9P’s© and/or components to your customers, suppliers, wholesalers, retailers, sales force, marketing intermediaries, clients, employees, partners, and/or others.
              • Look for real” product and service experiences. 
              • Enabling consumers and “allowing” them to feel the brand. As part of "presentation," I also place “events and experiences” under Promotion. 
              • While traditional marketing is based on target audience impressions/ views/ clicks/ exposure, experimental marketing involves engaging with your potential consumers. 
            • Passion:
              • Those intense, driving or overmastering feelings, emotions in the planning, developing, implementing and executions of pricing, promoting, partnering, selling and overall marketing of products or services.

              As the ending written by Margaret Atwood for “The Handmaid’s Tale,” "Are there any questions?"
              For more on insights, ideas, concepts and Marketing solutions: Go to londremarketing.com and look under “Articles and Resources” and the 9P’s/Nine P’s ©2007. Specifically you will find them detailed at 9P’s/Nine P’s.
              Or for more fun, marketing strategies/tactics and facts: Go to Marketing Trivia with 40+ stimulating questions and answers at Londre Marketing Consultants, LLC.  

              Here to help. 

              Saturday, May 18, 2019

              Luxury Fashion Line, Partners, 9P’s Of Marketing With Rihanna And LVMH.

              First, what is LVMH?  

              It’s LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton, the world’s largest luxury group.

              Rihanna is the first woman to start an original brand at LVMH, with Fendi and Dior, no less. .

              Rihanna will start introducing products from the new company. 

              She joins such brands as Dior, Givenchy, Celine, Fendi and positions Rihanna as a designer on a number of levels.

              Rihanna said “Designing a line like this with LVMH is an incredibly special moment for us…a unique opportunity to develop a fashion house in the luxury sector, with no artistic limits. I couldn’t imagine a better partner (One of the nine P’s of Marketing) both creatively and business-wise, and I’m ready for the world to see what we have built together.”

              Do you need examples of strengthening your pillars of your brand or branding strategies?  

              Do you need a better understanding of all areas of Marketing? 

              Do you have the responsibility and the need to increase sales and overall revenue?  

              I consult, teach and work as a Marketing, Business and Advertising expert using many Marketing concepts, standards of practice and practices, including the Nine P's/9P's of Marketing in court.

              As a brand manager, entrepreneur, business owner or advertising agency professional, do you need more business, Marketing and advertising insights? 


              Visit here for plenty of insights into Marketing. The 9P's is a framework; it includes targeting or "People," planning, product and services, promotion, pricing, partnership strategies, "Place," Passion and Presentation. Plus true, researched marketing insights and fun, insightful, advertising trivia.

              For the past 48 years, I have been a Marketing professional, a certified, credentialed Forensic Litigation consultant (CFLC), a Marketing and Advertising consultant with Londre Marketing Consultants, LLC plus I teach and give seminars on Strategic Marketing, the nine P's of Marketing, Branding, Super Bowl spots, Global Marketing, Promotion and Advertising. 


              I also present to MBA candidates, law schools and attorneys my  "What is Marketing? What is Advertising?" lecture and talk.  I have plenty of examples. I have been to UCLA School of Law and at Pepperdine University this semester. 

              Twelve years ago, I created and own the marketing objectives, strategies and tactics practice of the 9P's of Marketing. T
              he Nine P’s/9 P's of Marketing ©2007 augments the Marketing Mix or the 4P's (Product, Price, Promotion and Place) by the American Marketing Association, Neil Borden and Jerome McCarthy in the study and practices of a copyrighted Marketing concept. I've added "People," "Passion," "Planning" and "Partners" and "Presentation." 

              In the late 60's I was first taught in Marketing 307 at USC that the "customer," or potential purchasers, buyers are king or kings, but potential consumers are missing as one of the P's. With the addition of "People," I expanded and developed the additional concepts under the nine P's. 


              For marketing professionals, targeting or the "target market," "People," buyers, potential buyers and users are more prominent in my marketing model or theory. These potential buyers have their own "P."  It's "People," in the 9P's of Marketing. 

              The utilization of the 9P's of Marketing help, develop and guide a company or a firm's marketing objectives, strategies, tactics and solutions. The Nine P's can be truly insightful, in many ways and in many possible tactics and actions. They will help build revenue, manage costs, more effectively. 

              So, 
              you and others may ask "What is Marketing?" 

              Marketing is a planning and execution process that involves a product or service's attributes, research, distribution, pricing, partnerships or alliances, promotion and more. 

              In my presentations and talks, I detail that advertising is only a small percentage of the answers to marketing problems. All of the Marketing activities and tasks must work together to assure successful marketing practices. 
              Firms, associations and companies with the most effective marketing efforts try to thoroughly understand their potential buyers and customers ("People") in your marketplace. 

              Companies and new product/service development pros create products and services to meet market needs. Solving consumer "problems." These firms and others use marketing research and channels for understanding and communicating to market segments, a target market or audience ("People" in the 9P's of Marketing).

              In the study and practice of Marketing, Marketing managers and brand agents develop planning, objectives, strategies and tactics. 


              For any size firm and entrepreneurs, the 9P's of Marketing include important components, parts, elements, actions, tactics and efforts.  


              Let's start with planning, research, one of the nine P's and also with targeting, "People," one of the other nine elements or components:
              • Planning or Simply Marketing Planning: 
                • Planning starts with research and researching. 
                • This element of planning in the nine P's is a method for achieving an end, and, looking at the eight other parts; your insights can start a detailed formulation of a program of action. I like using a phrase from John Wooden; he said "Failure to plan is planning to fail."
                • Look at developing and transforming marketing objectives into marketing strategies to tactics. Marketing management and managers must make basic decisions on marketing targets (“People”), marketing mix, pricing, distribution, marketing budgets/expenditures and marketing allocations. 
                • Review dividing the total marketing budget among the various tools in the marketing mix and for the various products, channels, promotion, media and sales areas. And there's more under the other 9Ps of Marketing
              • People 
                • "People" or targeting has almost always been left out of the traditional "Marketing Mix," almost every diagram includes the four P's with Product, Promotion, Place and Price.
                • Place "consumer" or "People" or "potential buyers" in the middle of a circle. Find information or data on them. Add the other components in the nine P's. In Marketing, from my education, training, research and analysis plus testimony, there needs to be greater focus on the buyer, "customer," or "People," in both planning ad implementation.
                • Look and analyze your potential, new, existing and repeat customers and users. 
                • To understand your "People" or your market segments, you may need to utilize many characteristics, including:
                  •  Demographics (such as age, family size, family life cycle, gender, income, occupation, education, religion, race, culture, generation, nationality, and social class).
                  • Geographics
                  • Psychographics (buyers are on basis of psychological/personality traits, lifecycle, values)
                  • Behavioral characteristics (needs and benefits, decision roles, user and usage-related variables, occasions, user status, usage rate buyer-readiness stage, loyalty status, attitude and multiple bases) and
                  • Technographics (potential buyers may or may not have the software and computer skills. 
                  • Think employees here too.) which may be a vital component or components of the 9P's of Marketing. 
                • Once a target market is chosen, the organization can develop its marketing strategies to target a market segment or marketing segments.
                • Simply it's about Segmentation and Targeting. Add Positioning and you have STP, as a major first or second step, which may need for your firm to do more research and planning. . 
                • Product and Services: 
                  • Plenty of brands involved with LVMH, Moët Hennessy Vuitton, Dior, Givenchy, Celine, Fendi. It's a product (service) is anything that can be offered to a market for attention, acquisition, use or consumption that might satisfy a want or need.
                  • It's the goods and service combination the firm offers to the target market, including variety of product mix, features, branding, designs, packaging, sizes, services, maintenance contracts, warranties and return policies.
                • Place (Distribution): 
                  • Consider, develop and review store and non-store options, e-commerce and “brick and mortar” factors, geographic considerations, objectives, strategies and tactics, including with your “Partners, too.” 
                  • It's your offering of the right product at the right PLACE or location, at the right time, at the right price. It's the company’s activities that make the product available, using distribution and trade channels, roles, coverage, assortments, locations, inventory and transportation characteristics and alternatives.  
                • Price or Pricing:
                  • Simply it's the amount of money a consumer is willing to pay to obtain the product.  But "price" is so much more. “Pricing” is the sum of the values that customers exchange for the benefits of having or using the product or service. 
                  • Pricing decision making involves adjusting prices concerning the competitive environment, economic situations and involve buyer perceptions. Simply, all aspects regarding pricing
                  • Pricing or "Price" also includes wholesale/retail/promotional prices, discounts, trade-in allowances, quantity discounts, credit terms, sales and payment periods and credit terms. 
                • Promotion: 
                  • I teach and consult that there are eight (8) major, strategic components or communication elements which are personal and non-personal communication activities, under "promotion." . 
                  • The activities that communicate the merits of the overall product include:
                    • Personal Selling/ Sales Force: Sales persons. Your sales force. 
                      • Helpful consulting tip or hint: Listen more than you talk. People who listen more, learn more, plus helps you position your service/product/solution or offering. 
                    • Advertising is paid media. There's an expression "It is only creative if the product or service sells." I wanted to add "It is only good media spending if it sells." 
                    • Sales Promotion
                    • Collateral Materials
                    • Direct Marketing (also referred to as Action or Direct Response Advertising)
                    • Interactive/Internet/Web, Digital Media, Social Media:  
                    • Events and Experiences
                    • Public Relations/PR
                  • What some strategic questions under Promotion? 
                    • What should your company promote? Strategic copy points, for your product or service.
                    • Evaluate the eight different elements under Promotion and your brand's practices. Ask is there a better way? A different promotional mix. There has to be a better way. 
                    • What are your costs in dollars and manpower or person power? Ask "Is there a different way or ways to budget, your promotional dollars?" 
                    • Look at different strategic partners? Their costs?
                    • To whom should you target and promote? Under "People/"Targeting, target market, audience with media falls here. Have you noticed that you may watch what you want to watch in TV programming when you want to watch it and anywhere, any screen? That affects media planning. 
                    • You can differentiate with price. Discounting? Special sales? What economic and discount levels should you offer? Look at revenue versus costs. 
                    • What form or combination of promotion should you offer? Features?
                    • How frequent? Add media planning concern.  
                  • Partners: 
                    • Working with others and organizations which take part in an undertaking with another or others, in a business or company with shared risks and profits. Also referred to as Alliances. 
                    • With "Partners" and your Marketing efforts, it is vitally important to partner and align with firms that have similar corporate philosophies. Simple but complex and difficult, have agreed upon objectives and strategies.
                  • Presentation: 
                    • This “P” or “Presentation” is the act of displaying, using, presenting, and putting forward any of your efforts utilizing the other 9P’s© and/or components to your customers, suppliers, wholesalers, retailers, sales force, marketing intermediaries, clients, employees, partners, and/or others.
                    • Be sure to look for real” product and service experiences. 
                    • This "P" helps you enabe consumers and “allowing” them to feel the brand. As part of "presentation," I also place “events and experiences” under Promotion. 
                    • While traditional marketing is based on target audience impressions/ views/ clicks/ exposure, experimental marketing involves engaging with your potential consumers. 
                  • Passion:
                    • This "P" are those intense, driving or overmastering feelings, emotions in the planning, developing, implementing and executions of pricing, promoting, partnering, selling and overall marketing of products or services.

                    For more on insights, ideas, concepts and Marketing solutions: Go to londremarketing.com and look under “Articles and Resources” and the 9P’s/Nine P’s ©2007. Specifically you will find them detailed at 9P’s/Nine P’s.
                    Or for more fun, marketing strategies/tactics and facts: Go to Marketing Trivia with 40+ stimulating questions and answers at Londre Marketing Consultants, LLC.