Being on time is critically important to companies and institutions plus marketers, whether it is the delivery of raw materials or the delivery of their products to the distribution channels or supply chain.
The significance of Nov 18, 1883 was big time, about time and a big deal.
There were hundreds of cities or more with differences in time between cities ..creating problems of moving passengers and freight over the thousands of miles of rail in North America.
Railroads created the first time zones, four of them in the US and Canada; it was noon on November 18, 1883. Interestingly day of the week since it was a Sunday.
Each city had a different time. At exactly noon on that Sunday of 1883, American and Canadian railroads passengers, conductors and management began using four continental time zones to end the confusion of dealing with hundreds or thousands of local times.
Even as late as the 1880's, most towns and cities in the U.S. had their own local time, generally based on "high noon," or the time when the sun was at its highest point in the sky. Think about that. Especially if it was an extreme weather day. Or you had a passenger to meet or a package to collect. How much waiting would you have to do?
Railroad timetables in major cities listed dozens of different arrival and departure times. What a mess?
Most Americans and Canadians liked working with the new time zones, but it took 35 years for Congress to officially adopt the railroad time zones and put them under the supervision of the ICC or Interstate Commerce Commission.
At USC School of Law, UCLA School of Law and at Southwestern School of Law I have given variations of a presentation, with CLE credit, titled “Confusion between Marketing & Advertising: Why and what difference does it make to Law Students, Judges and Lawyers. Plus the Nine P’s of Marketing.” This is a great example of planing, Promotion, and Place, Plus presentation.
I use specific, current examples of Yelp.com, Verizon, Metro/Expo, small businesses and large businesses. Plus the famous Sleekcraft factors. I present contemporary examples; the presentation is fun, educational, and interactive. I have also given international/global seminars and my talk will use both USA and global examples.
As a Marketing and Advertising expert, for the past 35+ years I have worked full-time in Marketing while teaching Marketing and related subjects to graduates and undergraduates one, two or three nights a week at USC, CSUN, LMU CSUN among others.
My expert witness cases have involved: marketing; advertising; breach of contract; business practices; business and professions code compliance and violations, including unfair competition, unlawful, or unfair, or fraudulent business activities; contracts, sponsorships; false advertising; trade libel; media; trademark infringement; intellectual property; patents; usage of models; advertising agencies; trade secrets; client business practices; unfair advertising; deceptive advertising; violations of Lanham Act; unjust enrichment; trademarks at issue; comparative advertising/promotion; licensing; packaging; the value of advertising and media campaigns. Cases involved contracts between partners, directors, advertising agencies, clients, advertisers, suppliers, distributors, production firms and media.
I have copyrighted and developed the Nine P’s of Marketing They include “People” or target market(s), Product” or Service, “Price,” “Promotion,” “Place” or Distribution, “Planning,” “Partners,” “Presentation,” and “Passion.”It's different out there. Beware. Or be aware of what's out there.
Visit here for more insights and true Marketing and Advertising Trivia.
I am a senior Forensic Marketing Expert, Advertising/Marketing consultant with Londre Marketing Consultants, LLC plus I teach Marketing and Advertising. I own a copyright for this concept, the Nine P’s/9 P's ©2007, which augments the Marketing Mix (Product, Price, Promotion and Place) or the 4P’s by the American Marketing Association, Neil Borden and Jerome McCarthy in the study and practices of Marketing.
The Nine P's/9P's help identify marketing problems in a number of areas and help develop marketing’s objectives, strategies, tactics and solutions. The Nine P's are insightful. In Marketing. the "Customer," or potential customers are king, but are missing in the 4P's.
I consult and teach using the concepts and practices of the Nine P's/9P's of Marketing.
There is much more on the 9P's at here or here. In the study and practice of Marketing, Marketing and Brand Managers develop plans, strategies and tactics. The Nine P’s include these important components:
- People (Segmentation and Targeting)
- Almost every diagram includes the four P's with "Consumer" or "People" or "Potential Buyers" in the middle of the circle. There needs to be more focus on the "Customer," or "People."
- "People," market segments utilizing demographics, geographics, psychographics, behavioral characteristics and technographics are a vital component of the 9P's.
- Once a target market is chosen, the organization can develop its marketing strategies to target this market segment.
- There are still questions: Can the segments be accessed? Marketing strategies need to be adapted for the different tiers or segments. Instead of viewing the market as a uniform group of customers with similar potential, the firm needs to view them as distinct groups or segments with differing potential.
- Place (Distribution)
Or for more fun, marketing strategies/tactics and facts: Go to Marketing Trivia with 54 stimulating questions and answers at Londre Marketing Consultants, LLC. Here to help. All the best.